With the exception of students from the very few graduate programs that prepare mental health professionals to work in primary care, the vast majority of mental health professionals who are fully qualified to work in the mental health field are not adequately prepared for the pace and the culture of primary care. This problem has been recognized for many years in the field of primary care behavioral health. The training programs listed below are all designed to provide the post-degree training mental health professionals need to succeed in primary care. The oldest program, and the program most thoroughly evaluated for the effectiveness of its training is the Primary Care Behavioral Health Certificate Program delivered by the Center for Integrated Primary Care at the University of Massachusetts Medical School which began in 2007. All of the programs, however, were developed by credible professionals in the field and any one of them could be used as a rigorous orientation to primary care behavioral health practice.